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Home > Clean Air Centre > Effect of clean interior air on health

Effect of clean interior air on health

You know what you eat. You know what you drink. But do you know what you breathe?

In today’s modern society, we know a lot about the quality of food we eat. We can then generally say that many of us know what is healthy eating, organic food, organic farming or what we should eat in order to stay healthy for a long time.

We also talk about the quality of drinking (even bottled) water, waste water treatment, increased use of rainwater in the future – it is again safe to say that there is enough information in the market that cannot be ignored.

The situation with information on the quality of interior air and with the quality itself is much worse. Do not be mistaken, this is not about the outdoor air, the quality of which, among others, is continuously taken care of by our Ministry of the Environment. We mean interior air, the quality of which is of no less importance, because we spend on average up to 90 % of our life indoors – at home, work, shops, on visits, in free time, etc.

 

It is not very well known that every minute an adult in a relaxed state breathes in on average 12 to 16 times, each time at least 0.5 litres. In 8 hours, this totals an incredible 3,000 litres (3 cubic metres) of air and 10,000 litres of air in 24 hours. Under exertion, the air consumption is multiplied by 2 or more.

Such a huge amount of air provides an opportunity for air pollutants to degrade this air and damage our health. The fact that this is a really serious issue is also confirmed by the fact that the quality of interior air is among the world’s five largest health risks originating from the environment.

There are several myths about the quality of interior air, including the myth that inhaled air in the room is mostly polluted from the outside environment. This is not true. The truth proven in practice is that:

  • air in the room is 2 to 5 times more polluted than the outside air
  • the outside air that enters rooms through ventilation or building openings only brings one third of air pollutants into the room
  • the remaining two thirds of pollutants originate from the interior itself – furniture, floors, partitions and other building materials, cosmetics and cleaning products, but also from smoking, cooking, heating, pets, etc.

There are also myths about where it is better to live: in a city or in a village. In fact, the gap between the city and the village is disappearing: we are all exposed to harmful ozone, cities also to an increased effect of smog, villages to an increased amount of plant allergens (pollen) and pesticides (chemicals for the control of plant and animal pests – fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, etc.). We are all exposed to emissions from factories, heating plants and other industrial plants. However, this list does not stop there... The goal of SENSE is therefore not only to sell our highly efficient air purifiers that help improve health, but also to educate, in particular the lay public and end users. The growing proportion of people with allergies and asthma approaching 50 % of the population (both in the Czech Republic and in Europe) makes us work towards this goal even harder!

 

Make a point of knowing what you breathe! And by that, decide to become healthier!!! This reflects on the quality and length of your life and the life of other members of your household, your loved ones! We can influence the quality of interior air by ourselves! (improving the quality of outdoor air is a long haul, with big powerful competition, e.g. power plants, factories, transportation) Let’s at least breathe clean air in our homes according to the slogan of our air purifiers “Clean air – a better life”!

Do you know what “clean interior air” is?

The more pollutants the interior air contains, the more harmful it is to our health and the health of all members of our household, including pets.

The purity (quality) of interior air is affected by:

  • the purity (quality) of outside air entering the interior through ventilation or building openings
  • the limitation of the sources of airborne impurities in the interior – e.g. do not let dust accumulate in clumps, stop/reduce smoking, do not burn food, heat with high-quality fuel, control the humidity and temperature of the interior to prevent moulds, grow suitable plants that remove harmful volatile organic substances from the air, etc.
  • the efficiency of the purification of the interior air, e.g. by air purifiers. The higher the air purifying efficiency, the cleaner the air you breathe!
  • other factors, such as new furniture, paint, use of cleaning and cosmetic products, ventilation, the presence of people, exercising, acute illnesses and others.

All this constantly changes the purity (quality) of the interior air. At home, it is therefore impossible to achieve absolutely clean air (i.e. without airborne pollutants).

However, you can successfully clean it using efficient air purifiers, that remove the maximum amount of airborne impurities and thereby reduce the symptoms of allergies, asthma, respiratory problems, improve the course of cardiovascular and other diseases, headaches, fatigue, etc., caused by polluted interior air.

With our air purifier, you have simply decided to become healthier, more active and more satisfied. In addition, you can save on medicine that often burdens your body. You will also spend more time with your loved ones instead of sitting in doctors’ waiting rooms. You will improve your fitness, increase the quality of your life and extend its length!

 

Our air purifiers effectively clean all types of airborne pollutants from the interior air:

  • solid impurities: e.g. dust, pollen, smog, ash, soot, moulds, viruses, bacteria, animal allergens (mites, their faeces, pet dandruff and other), smoke (tobacco smoke, oily kitchen smoke, smoke from solid fuel heating). The efficiency of our HEPA filter is greater than 99 % for impurities larger than 1 micron (1 millimetre is 1,000 microns). Out of 1,000 impurities, such a filter only lets through less than 10.
  • gaseous impurities: e.g. flue gases (e.g. CO, CO2, sulphur and nitrogen oxides), toxic and other odours (hydrogen sulphide, ammonia and others), vapours from cleaning and cosmetic products, glued and varnished furniture, carpets, floors, chipboard, plasterboard and millions of other products (e.g. carcinogenic and mutagenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as formaldehyde, vinyl chloride, acetone, toluene, benzene, acrolein, naphthalene, styrene) and other gaseous impurities. The efficiency of our filter with carbon pellets is well above the efficiency of filters with powdered or granular activated carbon (used by other manufacturers), at least by 20 %!!!

The higher the air purifying efficiency, the cleaner the air you breathe!

Do you know what kinds of airborne impurities are in the room?

The air we breathe (atmospheric) is a mixture of:

  • water vapour: approx. 0.8 % (up to 3 % near seas and oceans)
  • gases: nitrogen (N) 78 %, oxygen (O2) 21 %, argon (Ar) 0.9 %, carbon dioxide (CO2) 0.04 % and others (e.g. neon, krypton, helium, xenon, radon, methane (CH4), ozone (O3), hydrogen (H), CO, NO, NO2, SO2, NH3, including their combinations). Some gases belong to gaseous airborne impurities, e.g. CO, CO2, NO, SO2, ozone, chemicals.
  • solid particles (solid airborne impurities): biological (pollens, moulds, mites and their faeces, human and animal dandruff and hair, bacteria, viruses and others) and non-biological (dust, smoke, sand, smog, ash, soot and others).

Airborne impurities are divided into 2 basic groups: solid and gaseous.

Solid impurities are further divided into:

  • non-biological impurities (particulate matters = PM): e.g. dust, smoke (smoke from cigarettes, oily kitchen smoke, smoke from burning wood/coal), smog, ash, soot. Their size ranges from 0.005 microns (smog, cigarette smoke) to 1,000 microns (= 1 mm, e.g. dust on furniture)
  • biological impurities: of microbial, plant or animal origin. E.g. pollens, plant fibres, mites and their faeces, animal allergens (e.g. dandruff, hair), moulds, mould bacterial spores, bacteria, viruses. The size is from 0.005 microns (viruses) to 100 microns (pollen).

Gaseous impurities are the smallest impurities up to 0.1 microns in size. These include:

  • odours – e.g. from waste, sewage, industrial processes, animals (e.g. hydrogen sulphide in fertilizers and cleaning agents, ammonia and other chemicals)
  • flue gases – e.g. nitrogen, carbon, sulphur oxides from the combustion of natural gas, carbon, wood, oil
  • volatile organic compounds (VOCs) – their concentration is permanently up to 10 times higher in the interior air than in the outdoor air. They are released in the form of vapours from thousands of products during their use or storage (e.g. paints, glues, polishes, washing powders, cleaning agents, degreasers, bleaches, solvents, sprays (deodorants, cleaning, medical, pesticides), from glued furniture, carpets, floors and other household and office equipment (including copiers, printers), etc. The substances are also released by burning coal / wood in households, oil refining, coal mining, from landfills, etc. They include, for example, methane (greenhouse gas) and non-methane hydrocarbons (in households mainly formaldehyde, acrolein, benzene, chlorides, toluene, xylene)
  • and other gases (e.g. nitrogen (N), ozone (O3), radioactive radon and other rare gases (helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon)).

More than 99 % of the weight (or 90 % of the amount) of all impurities in the interior air are not visible to the human eye. Our eyes can only see particles larger than 10 microns (e.g. flying dust visible in a sun beam). Impurities smaller than 10 microns are visible only through a microscope. A human hair has a diameter of 40 to 100 microns, dust on furniture and the floor has 80 to 1,000 microns (= 1 mm).

 

You can see how our air purifier works here.

Reasons for choosing our air purifier can be found here.

Do you know how polluted air harms us?

Polluted air, just like polluted water or bad eating habits, harms our health, increases susceptibility to diseases, decreases our fitness, thereby reducing the quality of our life and its length.

  • Polluted air is a long-term problem of all EU countries, including the Czech Republic. Some estimates show that polluted air causes the death of up to 300,000 EU citizens per year. It also causes allergies, asthma, atopic eczema, problems with the immunity system, respiratory diseases (e.g. lung inflammation), cardiovascular diseases (heart, blood vessels), cancer (toxic substances cause 7 to 19 % of all cancers), shortened life expectancy, lower IQ in children of mothers that were exposed to chemical impurities (VOCs) during their pregnancy and many other illnesses.
  • Polluted air also causes short-term health problems. These mainly include eye, nose and larynx irritation, headaches, fatigue, insomnia or malaise.
  • The symptoms of illnesses may appear soon after the exposure to polluted air or after a long period of time (several years).

Human health is most harmed by the smallest airborne impurities, because they settle in the respiratory tract (in the trachea, bronchi, lung lobes, bronchioles) and the very smallest enter deeply into the lungs (alveoli) and from there they enter the blood and negatively affect the function of the whole organism.

  • The most vulnerable are pregnant women, children, the elderly and all sick or weakened people.
  • Children are at greater risk because their bodies are developing and do not work as effectively as adult bodies. They are closer to the floor, climbing and touching everything that is within their reach and discovering the world by putting everything in their mouths. Therefore, do not allow dust to accumulate in clumps. Pets are in a similar situation.
  • In children under one year old, dust increases the risk of death from respiratory disease, affects the development of lung functions and aggravates asthma, cough and bronchitis.

Regular use of an air purifier will reduce allergic and asthmatic symptoms, breathing difficulties, improve the course of cardiovascular and other illnesses, headaches, fatigue, etc., originating from polluted interior air. In addition, you will save on medicine that often burdens your body. You will also spend more time with your loved ones instead of sitting in doctors’ waiting rooms. You will improve your fitness, increase the quality of your life and extend its length! With our air purifier, you have simply decided to become healthier, more active and more satisfied.

Do you know what impurities are the most harmful?

Human health is most harmed by the smallest airborne impurities, because they settle in the respiratory tract (in the trachea, bronchi, lung lobes, bronchioles) and the very smallest ones enter deeply into the lungs (alveoli) and from there they enter the blood and negatively affect the function of the whole organism.

  • Impurities smaller than 1 micron represent up to 96 % of the amount of impurities in the room, but only 17 % of their weight. They include, for example, viruses, odours, mite faeces, chemical gases, tobacco smoke, greasy kitchen smoke, animal allergens, soot, smog, vapours from chemicals and sprays.
  • Impurities larger than 3 microns represent only 0.2 % of the amount of impurities in the room, but up to 45 % of their weight. These include, for example, bacteria, moulds, ash, pollen, mites.

Polluted air is a long-term problem of all EU countries, including the Czech Republic. Some estimates show that polluted air causes the death of up to 300,000 EU citizens per year. It also causes allergies, asthma, atopic eczema, problems with the immunity system, respiratory diseases (e.g. lung inflammation), cardiovascular diseases (heart, blood vessels), cancer (toxic substances cause 7 to 19 % of all cancers), shortened life expectancy, a lower IQ in children of mothers that were exposed to chemical impurities (VOCs) during their pregnancy and many other illnesses.

Polluted air in the room also causes short-term health problems. These mainly include eye, nose and larynx irritation, headaches, fatigue, insomnia or malaise.

The symptoms of illnesses may appear soon after the exposure to polluted air or after a long period of time (several years).

 

The most vulnerable are pregnant women, children, the elderly and all sick or weakened people.

  • Children are at greater risk because their bodies are developing and do not work as effectively as adult bodies. They are closer to the floor, climbing and touching everything that is within their reach and discovering the world by putting everything in their mouths. Therefore, do not allow dust to accumulate in clumps. Pets are in a similar situation.
  • In children under one year old, dust increases the risk of death from respiratory disease, affects the development of lung functions and aggravates asthma, cough and bronchitis.

Regular use of an air purifier will reduce allergic and asthmatic symptoms, breathing difficulties, improve the course of cardiovascular and other illnesses, headaches, fatigue, etc., originating from polluted interior air. In addition, you will save on medicine that often burdens your body. You will also spend more time with your loved ones instead of sitting in doctors’ waiting rooms. You will improve your fitness, increase the quality of your life and extend its length! With our air purifier, you have simply decided to become healthier, more active and more satisfied.

Do you know how harmful individual pollutants are?

The list of airborne pollutants below is not final. However, they are among the most common.

Dust, soot, ash and smog: from combustion processes (thermal power plants and industry, household heating, waste incineration or car traffic):

  • Dust is able to bind many pollutants – heavy metals (lead, cadmium and other harmful metals), mites, viruses and bacteria. When such dust becomes airborne, it represents a danger to the respiratory tract. There are almost 15 million mites in 10 grams of dust and each produces 20 pellets of faeces per day.
  • PM10 = so-called coarse particles with a size of 10 microns or less (e.g. dust). They pass through the larynx into the lower airways and cause/aggravate respiratory diseases.
  • PM2.5 = so-called fine particles with a size of 2.5 microns or less (e.g. ash). They increase the number of deaths caused by cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and lung cancer, affect development and reproduction and cause asthma attacks.
  • PM0.1 = so-called ultrafine particles with a maximum size of 0.1 microns (e.g. soot, smog). They settle in the deepest parts of the lungs, so-called alveoli. They cause lung inflammation and other respiratory diseases. From the lungs, they are transmitted to the bloodstream and negatively affect the function of the whole organism, immune response organs, cause cardiovascular diseases and other problems. Not only for people, but also for pets.

Pollens, grasses, mites and other animal allergens, moulds, vapours (from cleaning agents, solvents, paints, varnishes, etc.): the organism can react with an immune response – allergy of various forms: skin (rash, urticaria, swelling, eczema), eye (sore eyes, inflammation), gastrointestinal (diarrhoea, abdominal pain), upper and lower respiratory tract (allergic rhinitis, cough, wheezing, allergic asthma).

 

Smoke from cigarettes and other tobacco products is one of the biggest health hazards in households. It is a known carcinogen that causes, for example, lung cancer. Smoke is also a problem for those who spend time with a smoker in the same room (so-called second-hand smoking) and those entering the room after the smokers have left (so-called third-hand smoking). This is because smoke stays in the room, sticking to, for example, curtains, blankets, walls, and can be later inhaled into the lungs. Smoke that burdens the organism can also originate from kitchens, heating (stoves, fireplaces), etc.

cigareta-škodlivost

Ozone (O3, tropospheric ground-level ozone): disrupts cell function, which can cause breathing problems – aggravates the symptoms of asthma and allergy, susceptibility to infections of respiratory tracts, cough, causes eye irritation, headache, malaise or reduced immunity. It is carcinogenic to humans, because it causes the formation of free radicals (e.g. during cell metabolism, inflammation, impaired metabolism) that disrupt cell membranes, destroy DNA, cause cell degradation and ageing and contribute to the development of many diseases, such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease (free radicals from the immune system), pulmonary and cardiac diseases, the reduction of antioxidant levels in the human body, etc. Ozone, even in low concentrations, reacts with chemicals from household cleaners, deodorants, linoleum, carpets, wooden floors, paints and polishes, producing by-products (e.g. carcinogenic formaldehyde). In high concentrations, ozone is toxic for humans.

 

Vapours, e.g. from cleaning agents, sprays, chemicals (pesticides, etc.) cause, for example, malaise, disorientation and more serious problems like collapse.

 

Moulds: inhalation of high mould concentrations causes or aggravates various health problems, for example fungal infectious diseases, allergic reactions in the nasal cavities and lower respiratory tract. People with low immunity can even die after an infection.

 

CO2 = carbon dioxide – colourless greenhouse gas, its concentration in enclosed rooms is increased both by combustion processes and by respiration of all people or pets in the room. If its concentration exceeds 1.5 %, it adversely affects breathing, 3 % can cause headache, dizziness, nausea (urge to vomit), 6–8 % causes lethargy and loss of consciousness.

Do you know who the air purifier is suitable for?

Our air purifier is suitable for every household with:

  • allergy and asthma sufferers and people with respiratory problems, impaired immunity, cardiovascular diseases, hypersensitivity, frequent headaches, fatigue, insomnia, etc.
  • acutely ill people – flu, cold, other viral or bacterial infections, malaise, disorientation, collapse, etc.
  • children, elderly persons or pregnant women – these population groups are the most vulnerable to the purity of inhaled air
  • pets (cat, dog, guinea pig, rabbit, etc.). They stay close to the ground, where they are exposed to and inhale many kinds of accumulated airborne impurities. On the other hand, pets themselves are sources of animal allergens (dandruff, hair, faeces, etc.) that increase the pollution of air inhaled by us.
  • smokers. Tobacco smoke is a known carcinogen that causes, for example, lung cancer. Smoke, however, does not only harm smokers themselves, but also the people in the room with smokers (so-called second-hand smoking) as well as those that enter the room after the smokers have left (so-called third-hand smoking). This is because smoke stays in the room, sticking to, for example, curtains, blankets, walls, and can be later inhaled into the lungs.
  • solid-fuel heating (coal, wood, coke, briquettes, etc.) – in stoves, boilers, fireplaces, etc. Combustion creates smoke, soot, ash, flue gases (CO, etc.) and other gaseous pollutants.
  • presence of moulds – inhalation of moulds causes or aggravates health problems (e.g. fungal infections, allergic reactions in the nasal cavities and the lower airways, low immunity and after infection even death). The combination of humidity above 60 %, higher indoor temperatures and insufficient ventilation is ideal for the formation and spread of moulds.
  • frequent use of glues, paints, varnishes, varnish removers, bleaches, pesticides and many other chemical products. It’s not just DIYers who are endangered by vapours from chemicals, sprays and other cosmetic and cleaning products.
  • in a recently reconstructed or new building or with something new (glued furniture, carpets, floors, chipboard, plasterboard, etc.). Harmful substances are released intensively into the air – e.g. flue gases like CO or CO2, toxic substances like hydrogen sulphide, ammonia, carcinogenic and mutagenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) like formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, acetone, etc.
  • Are you supporters of a healthy lifestyle, bio and eco trends? Then you surely know what you eat. You also know what you drink. But do you know what you breathe? With our purifier, you breathe clean air and keep yourself and your loved ones healthy longer!
  • Are you all healthy and not experiencing any of the above problems? Congratulations! We hope it stays that way as long as possible! But even you should get our air purifier in order to continuously maintain your health!

Of course, the air purifier also helps outside of households: in offices, waiting rooms, restaurants, cafés, bars, hair and nail salons, beauty parlours, wellness and fitness centres, libraries, reading rooms, classrooms, workshops and many other kinds of interiors.